Ground beetles (Carabidae) in urban habitats of Kaluga city (Russia)

Sampling event
Latest version published by State Budgetary Institution of Kaluga Region “Parks Directorate” on Dec 2, 2021 State Budgetary Institution of Kaluga Region “Parks Directorate”

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This sampling-event dataset provides primary data about species composition and abundance of ground beetles (Carabidae, Coleoptera) collected in urban habitats in Kaluga, a typical central Russian city. We explored different kinds of anthropogenic and highly anthropogenized habitats: yards, gardens, quarries, small urban woodlands, grasslands, and riparian habitats. Carabids were collected from early April or May to October during 1994-2015 by pitfall traps, in some cases traps were operated for a shorter time. In total, there are 189 carabid species and 79091 specimens from 60 samples from 47 habitats (sample plots) in this dataset. This dataset provides raw information to research habitat distribution, seasonal and year-to-year dynamics of carabid beetles in urban environment.

Data Records

The data in this sampling event resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 425 records.

1 extension data tables also exist. An extension record supplies extra information about a core record. The number of records in each extension data table is illustrated below.

Event (core)

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.


The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.

How to cite

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

Aleksanov V, Alekseev S (2021): Ground beetles (Carabidae) in urban habitats of Kaluga city (Russia). v1.11. State Budgetary Institution of Kaluga Region “Parks Directorate”. Dataset/Samplingevent.


Researchers should respect the following rights statement:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is State Budgetary Institution of Kaluga Region “Parks Directorate”. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY 4.0) License.

GBIF Registration

This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: 5b4ba541-ad87-4d28-b8ca-a803335fd49d.  State Budgetary Institution of Kaluga Region “Parks Directorate” publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by Participant Node Managers Committee.




Victor Aleksanov
  • Metadata Provider
  • Originator
  • Point Of Contact
main specialist
State Budgetary Institution of Kaluga Region “Parks Directorate”
Zavodskaya str., 57, Kaluga 248018, Russia
248018 Kaluga
Kaluga Oblast
Sergey Alekseev
  • Originator
Division Chief
State Budgetary Institution of Kaluga Region “Parks Directorate”
Zavodskaya str., 57, Kaluga 248018, Russia
248018 Kaluga
Kaluga Oblast

Geographic Coverage

European part of Russia, Kaluga oblast, Kaluga urban district

Bounding Coordinates South West [54.481, 36.197], North East [54.6, 36.366]

Taxonomic Coverage

No Description available

Family Carabidae (ground beetles)

Temporal Coverage

Formation Period 1994-2015

Project Data

No Description available

Title Russia 2021
Identifier N-Eurasia-Russia2021

The personnel involved in the project:

Victor Aleksanov

Sampling Methods

The beetles were caught by soil pitfall traps (0.5 L plastic cups with a mouth 85 mm in diameter filled to a third with 4% formalin solution). In each habitat, depending on its size and microhabitat diversity, usually 10–30 traps were set. The sampling of the material was carried out usuaally every two weeks or ten days (in some cases this period was longer).

Study Extent Kaluga city is situated in the west of European Russia, in its middle (Non-Chernozem) zone) on the Oka River 150 kilometres (93 mi) southwest of Moscow. The area of the city is 168.8 km2. Prevailed landscapes of Kaluga city are flat undulating moraine plains shaped by Moscow stage of Dnieper glaciation. The main type of sedimentary is mantle postglacial loams. Watersheds are flat and poor-drainage. Highest point reaches 235 m above sea level. Along the Oka River there is high-dissected erosional plain. Minimal height above sea level is 116-120 m. Regard vegetation zonation, the area belong to subzone of spruce-broadleaved forests, spruce-oak vegetation district. Kaluga is a typical central-Russian provincial centre. Urban landscapes of Kaluga city have more or less smoothly developing since XVI century. Modern city area has a striped pattern of residential and industrial buildings, and agricultural lands, because historically residential areas were planned near factories and other industrial objects. The beetles were sampled in all kinds of habitats which are representative to urban area: broadleaved decidious forests, small anthropogenic woodlands and lines of trees, gardens, lawns, wastelands and protected belts dominated by grasses and forbs. Pine forests and birch forests were singular. We surveyed mainly plots surrounded and isolated by buildings and roads. Traps were exposed since April or May to October or November. There are year-to-year data for some habitats.

Method step description:

  1. 1. Sample plots were choosen in different kinds of urban habitats. 2. The beetles were sampled by pitfall traps. 3. The beetles were identified and counted. 4. This dataset includes raw data - the number of individuals sampled during between two sampling. Relative abundance in units of ind. / 100 trap days were calculated as well.

Additional Metadata

Alternative Identifiers 5b4ba541-ad87-4d28-b8ca-a803335fd49d